A balanced diet is an integral element of a healthy lifestyle for men, women and children alike, but while kids and young adults might be able to get away with an extra cheeseburger here or there, those approaching 50 have less leeway.
According to the National Institute on Aging (NIA), simply counting calories without regard for the foods being consumed is not enough for people 50 and older to maintain their long-term health. Rather, the NIA emphasizes the importance of choosing low-calorie foods with a lot of the nutrients the body needs. However, counting calories can be an effective and simple way to maintain a healthy weight, provided the calories are coming from nutrient-rich foods.
The NIA advises those over 50 adhere to the following daily calorie intake recommendations as they attempt to stay healthy into their golden years.
Not physically active: 1,600 calories
Somewhat active: 1,800 calories
Active lifestyle: between 2,000 and 2,200 calories
Not physically active: 2,000 calories
Somewhat active: between 2,200 and 2,400 calories
Active lifestyle: between 2,400 and 2,800 calories
When choosing foods to eat, the NIA recommends eating many different colors and types of vegetables and fruits. Phytochemicals are substances that occur naturally in plants, and thousands of these substances offer various benefits. The Produce for Better Health Foundation notes that a varied, colorful diet incorporates lots of different types of phytochemicals, which the PBH notes have disease-preventing properties.
The NIA also advises that people over 50 make sure at least half the grains in their diets are whole grains. Numerous studies have discovered the various benefits of whole grains, which are loaded with protein, fiber, antioxidants and other nutrients. Whole grains have been shown to reduce the risk for diseases such as Type 2 diabetes, heart disease and some types of cancer.
Another potential hurdle is a change in sense of smell and taste. A person’s sense of smell may fade with age, and because smell and taste are so closely related, foods enjoyed for years may no longer tantalize the taste buds. That can be problematic, as many people instinctually add more salt to foods they find bland.
According to the U.S. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, older adults should consume no more than 1,500 milligrams of sodium per day. That equates to roughly 3⁄4 teaspoon of salt. Older people should resist the temptation to use salt to add flavor to foods, instead opting for healthy foods they can still smell and taste.
In addition, men and women should mention any loss of their sense of smell to their physicians, as such a loss may indicate the presence of Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s disease.